B&ECPL history: How it all began

Grosvenor Library c. 1920's

Grosvenor Library, circa 1920’s

The origin of the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library system dates back to 1836, when the Young Men’s Association (YMA) established a collection of books of permanent or lasting value for its members.  60 years later, this “members only” institution evolved into the Buffalo Public Library, publicly supported and free to all.

The Grosvenor Library has a parallel history, and in 1871 it became Buffalo’s first public reference library.

The demand for public library service throughout Western New York led to the creation of the Erie County Public Library System in 1947.

In 1953, the Buffalo Public, Grosvenor, and Erie County libraries merged to create the current Buffalo & Erie County Public Library system.

The local history, genealogy, music, and Rare Book collections in the Grosvenor Room were all built on the foundations of these predecessor libraries.  To illustrate our storied and complex history, we created the timeline below.

Buffalo Library history timeline

 

Posted in Genealogy

Vinyl Divas

This Women’s History Month, surround yourself with the sound of strong, powerful women.  Visit the Grosvenor Room to find your favorite divas on vinyl.

 

 

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Posted in Music

Pictorial Buffalo

Since book illustrator and artist Mario Zucca created his colorful pictorial “map” of Buffalo in 2016, the library has proudly displayed it in the Central Library’s Grosvenor Room.  Soon afterward, a creative enterprise by Zoom Copy reproduced the map as a mural on the side of a building at Hertel and Colvin.

Buffalo, Mario Zucca

The library’s map librarian thought it might be of interest to our patrons to see some of the other pictorial maps featuring Buffalo and the Niagara Frontier created as far back as the mid-19th Century to the early 1980’s.

Buffalo 1853

Buffalo 1853

 

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And one of our favorite whimsical pictorials depicts the city in cartoon as Hengerer’s lends a hand to new residents…Enjoy!

 

What goes on here map of Buffalo activities, 34MP-4, c. 1942, detail

 

Posted in Local History, Maps

A Piece of Buffalo’s Church Music History Is Discovered

Amidst a book-shifting project, a Grosvenor Room staff member noticed a curious tome. The aged, inscribed volume revealed itself as a hand-drawn music manuscript.

It belonged to Carl Friedrich Baum (1822-1899) who was a music teacher and organist.  Born in Lehrberg, Bavaria in 1822, Baum came to the United States in 1847.  He lived in Chicago and other western cities during his first years in the United States. Baum brought his wife and children to the United States in September 1854 on the ship Hermann Theodor via Bremen.  The reason for the permanent move may have been a job offer for the position of organist at Buffalo’s Trinity Old Lutheran Church.   Baum served in that position for forty years.  According to his obituary, he was also active in local singing societies.

1886 Buf Dir - Copy

1886 Buffalo City Directory

Baum Obituary

Buffalo Volksfreund, August 12, 1899

Trinity Old Lutheran Church played a significant role in the history of American Lutheranism.  Its first minister, Johannes Andreas August Grabau led the church’s early members from Germany to Buffalo in 1839 to avoid religious persecution.  His congregation did not want to go along with Germany’s religious agenda, which was to unify Calvinists and Lutherans.  The group formed Trinity Old Lutheran soon after their arrival.  Dedicated in 1843, its first permanent building stood on the corner of Maple and Goodell Streets.

Church scrapbook v2

Churches in Buffalo and Vicinity Scrapbook, Volume 2, Page 5

Grabau’s strong conviction towards pastoral hierarchy[i] led to a disagreement with the Missouri Synod, and to the establishment the Buffalo Synod.  It also led to a schism within his own congregation.  In 1866, half of the Trinity Old Lutheran’s members left to join First Trinity Lutheran Church, which was located at Michigan Avenue.

It was perhaps Grabau’s authoritarianism that sparked the sentiment written on the bottom of the title page of Baum’s manuscript.  Another factor may have been that in 1842, Grabau compiled a hymnal for use throughout the Buffalo Synod.  He may not have been open to creative interpretation of the work, or straying too far from it.  The following is a rough translation:

“These compositions or vocal texts had found many friends but the latest group did not want to find me when it came to rewarding my ability or giving me encouragement.  Unfortunately the state of affairs in the Evangelical Church of America is not geared towards liturgy and singing but mostly towards decay.  Meanness and mimicry prevail, the pastor’s envy stands in the way.”

Baum Manuscript Title Page

The paragraph’s date is unknown.  It is possible that Baum penned it well after Grabau’s June 1879 death, though the latest date found in the manuscript is August 1880. Baum or another wrote the title page in an Americanized German script versus a strictly German script, which is predominant throughout the rest of the manuscript. Though he did not feel appreciated, the 383-page volume surely indicates that Baum was not deterred.   Baum’s manuscript includes a collection of 172 choral and organ scores.  Example titles:

“Te Deum laudamus” –  Thee, O God, we praise

“Danksaget dem Vater” – Thank you, Father

“Kom heiliger geist” – Come, holy spirit

“Adventslied” – Advent song

IMG_1447 firstIMG_1451 secondIMG_1445 thirdIMG_1453 fourth

After researching Baum, Grosvenor Room staff wondered how the manuscript came to be in the library’s collection.  The first page of the book gave the information that was needed:  the name Mrs. Mary Harlinghausen, a library acquisition number, and the acquisition date.   Harlinghausen sold the manuscript to the Grosvenor Library, a predecessor of the Central Library, for $5.00 ($90.00 current value).

IMG_1454 HarlinghausenGrosvenor Library Accession

Mrs. Harlinghausen, who soon after selling the manuscript married Mr. Edwin Sy, was a local rare book dealer.  The Sy’s shared a love book collecting.  They ran their business first out of their home at 909 Elmwood Ave., and by 1951 they opened a bookstore at 926 Elmwood Ave.  The couple retired from their bookstore in the mid-1960s.

IMG-1458

Local Biographies Scrapbook, Series 16, Page 274

IMG-1459

Local Biographies Scrapbook, Series 16, Page 275

Special thanks goes to Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks and Nataly Salansky for translating Baum’s manuscript, obituary, and other documents.

 


[i] Trinity Old Lutheran Church.  The Story of Trinity Old Lutheran Church: 150 Years Under God’s Guidance, 1839-1989. Eggertsville, N.Y.: The Church, [1989]. Unpaginated.   http://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/40a98b_a6b808e583f149a89d77e45dc45bdc0e.pdf  Accessed: Feb. 8, 2018.

Posted in Local History, Music

Martin Luther King, Jr. in the 1940 Census

Census records aren’t just for family history. They help us learn about historical persons, communities, and the social and economic condition of our country.  Grosvenor Room staff decided to see what we could find out about Martin Luther King, Jr. in the 1940 census.  The facts that we found from the census are noted through the listing of what census record column in which we found the information.

1940 Census

1940 Census

1940 Census ed 2

Seen above is Martin Luther King, Jr.’s 1940 census record. Reverend King’s household is on line numbers 59-66.  At the time, King was eleven years old and his family resided at 501 Auburn Avenue in Atlanta (cols. 1-2), which was also King’s birthplace.  The home still stands, and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Auburn Avenue is part of the Sweet Auburn Historic District.  Sweet Auburn was the hub of Atlanta’s African American religion, business, entertainment, and prosperity before the Civil Rights Era.  Further inspecting the record shows how King’ family fit in with their community.  His father, Martin L. King, Sr., was a pastor and his mother, Alberta Williams King, was a church music director and pianist (cols. 28-29).  Column 14 shows that they both completed four years of college, which was uncommon for African Americans of this time period.  The census also records that the family owned their house (col. 4) and that Martin Luther King, Sr., was paid $2500 a year in wages (col. 32), which is more than triple or quadruple the amount of most of his neighbors.  $2500 in today’s wages computes to about $43,000 a year.

Aside from his parents, King also lived with his older sister Willie Christine, his younger brother Alfred, his aunt Ida, his grandmother Jennie, and a lodger named Carrie Rutland, a servant who may have also worked for the family (col. 7).  About a year after this census was taken, Jennie died.  Twelve-year-old Martin was so bereaved and guilt-ridden, because he was very close to her and went to an event without permission just before she died, that he attempted suicide by jumping out of the home’s second story window.  Many people don’t know about Reverend King’s struggled with mental illness throughout his life, and if we thought he was a strong man before knowing that personal fact, he certainly seems even stronger after learning about it.

For more information about the incredible life and accomplishments of Martin Luther King, Jr., see the King Center website.

To learn how to access census records through the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, consult our census guide.

Posted in Genealogy

From Stage to Screen

The 1930s were the start of the “golden age” of Hollywood films.  Many film actors of this era began their careers in theatre, and some continued to perform on Broadway and on stages across the country, even as “moving pictures” were becoming more popular.  At the same time, successful plays were frequently being turned into films.

Here are some notable pieces of movie history found in our Buffalo Theater Program Collection…

His-Girl-Friday-Grant-Russell

Cary Grant & Rosalind Russell in His Girl Friday, 1940. Columbia Pictures (Source) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

Rosalind Russell, star of His Girl Friday (1940) and a leading lady of many films of the 1930s through the 1960s, actually lived in Buffalo briefly at the start of her career. She was a member of the local Teck Theatre Players during the 1933-1934 season, and played starring roles in many productions.

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“Holiday” performed by the Teck Players, Teck Theatre, Buffalo, NY. June 26, 1933.

Russell BEN Sept18_1944p13

Buffalo Evening News September 18, 1944, p. 13

 

The Women, a 1939 movie comedy starring  Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell, and Paulette Goddard, was originally a popular play.

TheWomen Movie

The Women, 1939. MGM [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

In 1937, Buffalo theatergoers could catch the stage production of The Women at the Erlanger Theatre.

Women_Erlanger 1937

 

Not surprisingly, one of the biggest film stars of all time can also be found in theater programs.  One of Katharine Hepburn’s biggest hits was The Philadelphia Story, a 1940 romantic comedy.

File:The-Philadelphia-Story-(1940).jpg

MGM (source) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

The movie was based on a screenplay by Phillip Barry, who wrote the play specifically for Katharine Hepburn.  Hepburn purchased the motion picture rights, and the film opened in December 1940.  The play had been staged in Buffalo just two months prior, starring Hepburn and Joseph Cotten.

Philadelphia cast list

Another Philip Barry play, Without Love, was made into a 1945 romantic comedy film starring Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, and another local connection–Lucille Ball.  A few years earlier, Buffalo audiences saw Hepburn in the 1942 stage production at the Erlanger Theatre.

Hepburn_WithoutLove_Erlanger1942

 

The Buffalo Theatre Program Collection also includes a handful of programs from films that played at our early “movie palaces.”  Here are two that feature, once again, famous Hollywood stars…

 

Posted in Local History | Tagged ,

New Collection: Erie County Poorhouse Records

Alms house image 1899

Ins and Outs of Buffalo. Buffalo, NY: A.B. Floyd, 1899.

The Erie County Poorhouse of Buffalo, NY and succeeding institutions known as the Erie County Alms House, Erie County Hospital, and Erie County Home & Infirmary (Alden, NY), operated as a social safety net for the region’s poor and infirm.  The Grosvenor Room recently acquired historic ledgers that document the people that received care at these institutions from 1861 to 1952.  Nine volumes show a record of individuals during intake, or at the time of death, providing information that can be very useful for genealogists and local history researchers.  This chart provides an overview of the content:

chart image

Here’s what you need to know when searching for an ancestor or other individual that may have been in the Poorhouse/Alms House: The ledger information was recorded in chronological order (by the date admitted or date of death).  There is a name index for [Vol.1] only.  Despite the lack of name indexes (although we plan to create one) finding a person by browsing is not too difficult, especially if you know a year or brief time period.   The handwriting in the ledgers is fairly crisp and legible.   Most of the people listed in volumes 2 through 6 are adults; children who temporarily accompanied a parent or relative will also be listed by name.  Infants born in the Poorhouse are noted with the date of birth and name of mother.

The children listed in [Vol.1] Children Bound out… could have temporarily or permanently lived with other families in a type of indentured arrangement like an apprenticeship.  Very young children could be bound out as a method of adoption.

The relevant family history information that you may discover varies in each ledger.  For example, [Vol. 5] Register of State Paupers…December 1873 – September 24, 1889 is quite detailed.  It includes name, date of admission, sex, age, birthplace, cause of pauperism, location committed from, committing officer, complaining officer, discharge date, bound out date, provided for—by adoption or otherwise, absconded, transferred, removed from the state, death, and remarks on where the person was sent.

vol 5

[Vol. 5] Register of State Paupers in the Erie County State Alms House at Buffalo, NY, December 1873 – September 24, 1889

Not only can you view the records in person at the Central library, but you can also browse all 9 ledgers online in our Digital Collections.   Related resources and historical background on the institutions are listed in our Erie County Poorhouse research guide.

Fun facts: In 1851 the Poorhouse was relocated from Black Rock to the rural area known as the “Buffalo Plains” on the outskirts of Buffalo along Main Street.  This location later became the South Campus of the University at Buffalo.  Hayes Hall, now home to the UB School of Architecture and Planning, was originally constructed for the Alms House in the 1870s.

Many thanks to local researchers Roseanne Higgins, Ph.D. and Jennifer Liber Raines for their assistance with this collection.

 

 

 

Posted in Genealogy, Local History | Tagged ,